||Johann Wolfgang von Goethe, Excerpts from The Sorrows of Young Werther [Die Leiden des jungen Werthers] (1774)
The son of a prosperous, educated family, Johann Wolfgang von Goethe (1749-1832), was a towering....
||Johann Wolfgang von Goethe, Excerpts from Faust (1808)
Goethe worked on Faust throughout his artistic life; he published Part I in 1808 and completed Part II in 1832, the year of his death. Difficult to translate, this poetic masterpiece dramatizes....
||Novalis, "Christendom or Europe" [Die Christenheit oder Europa] (1799)
In his short, tragedy-ridden life, Novalis (1772-1801), born Friedrich Philipp von Hardenberg, wrote masterful poems that scaled the heights of early Romanticism. In this essay, composed in 1799....