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Documents - Government and Administration: Confederation or Nation-State?
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11.   Resolution of the Katholikentag in Aachen (1862)
The declaration of the Katholikentag (General Assembly of Catholics) from September 10, 1862, addresses concerns that the exclusion of Catholic Austria from a German nation-state would leave....
12.   Excerpt from Bismarck's "Blood and Iron" Speech (1862)
Prussian Prime Minister Otto von Bismarck (1815-1898) delivered his famous "Blood and Iron" speech....
13.   Austrian Memorandum (1863)
In July 1863, to gain the support of individual German states in order to prevent the formation of a "small German"-Prussian nation-state, the Austrian government offered a proposal for the reform....
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