GHDI logo

NATO's Eastward Expansion (2004)

The end of Germany’s division gave Europe an impetus to overcome the larger division between East and West. This map shows the expansion of NATO, formerly a Western defense system, into Central and Eastern Europe. In two waves of expansion – in 1999 and 2004 – Germany's immediate eastern neighbors, Poland and the Czech Republic, joined NATO, along with eight neighboring lands to the north- and southeast. In the process, Germany's Cold War role as frontier zone between East and West changed decisively. Today, Germany's new mission is to serve as a link between East and West.

Please click on print version (below) for a larger version with enhanced resolution.

print version     return to map list previous map     

NATO's Eastward Expansion (2004)

IEG-Maps, Institute of European History, Mainz / © A. Kunz, 2004