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German History in Documents and Images
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Anton von Werner, The Proclamation of the German Empire (January 18, 1871) – Woodcut Version (1880)
This 1880 woodcut version of The Proclamation of the German Empire [Die Proklamierung des Deutschen Kaiserreiches] differs significantly from the palace version of 1877. Among other changes, Anton von Werner fundamentally altered the composition and perspective and portrayed the entire scene in a more dramatic and historically significant light. This later rendering pays even greater attention to the assembled officers’ uniforms, depicts their swords in the more triumphant raised position, and shows the principal figures in greater proximity. The most significant change, perhaps, can be seen in Bismarck’s attire. He now appears in the white dress coat of the Cuirassiers – as opposed to the drab blue uniform that he actually wore on the day of the proclamation. (Apparently, he had neglected to bring more formal attire to France.) In the earlier palace version, Werner held fast to sartorial truth and depicted Bismarck in blue. But in this and subsequent versions of the scene, including the famous Zeughaus (1882) and Friedrichsruh (1885) versions, Werner portrayed Bismarck in his white gala uniform. It was, as Werner knew, what he should have worn according to protocol.