Balfour, Michael. West Germany. London, 1968.
Fulbrook, Mary. The Divided Nation: A History of Germany, 1918-1990. Oxford, 1992.
Grosser, Alfred. The Federal Republic of Germany: A Concise History. New York, 1964.
Jarausch, Konrad H. After Hitler: Recivilizing Germans, 1945-1995. New York, 2006.
Junker, Detlev, ed. The United States and Germany in the Era of the Cold War, 1945-1968: A Handbook. New York, 2004.
Krisch, Henry. The German Democratic Republic: The Search for Identity. Boulder, CO, 1981.
Ross, Corey. The East German Dictatorship: Problems and Perspectives in the Interpretation of the GDR. London, 2002.